In legal terms, sexual harassment involves any unwanted sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or physical or verbal actions that create a hostile working environment. In addition, offensive comments or remarks passed on an individual’s gender is also a form of sexual harassment. They all are considered to be illegal.
In a sexual harassment claim, two main types of sexual harassment are typically recognized: quid pro quo and hostile work environment. Regardless of the type, both these sexual harassment can be experienced by a person of any gender. Also, the culprit and the victim can either be of the same sex or opposite sex.
Quid Pro Quo Sexual Harassment
This type of sexual harassment typically involves an individual working at a high ranking post. Such an individual asks his employees for sexual favors in exchange for some kind of employment benefit.
For instance, quid pro quo harassment may take place when a high-ranking employee or administrator requests a low-ranking employee for a sexual favor. In return, he may yield some kind of working perk, such as raised pay, a promotion, more authority within the organization, etc.
In the case of quid pro quo harassment, you must immediately seek the guidance of a sexual harassment attorney. Generally, a standalone incident of sexual misconduct from a supervising employee is sufficient to bring a suitable claim.
Hostile Work Environment Sexual Harassment
This is a common form of harassment. It can occur when a person working in an office place does one of the following things: repeated sexual advances, menacing comments or jokes, or threatening remarks. Such things can impact one’s ability to do their job properly.
This type of sexual harassment leads to a polluted work environment, where one individual or a group of people repeatedly harass the victim.
Some of the most common examples of hostile work environment sexual harassment include:
- Using discriminatory remarks or insulting comments towards an individual or a group which have a sexual undertone
- Recurrently indulging in filthy and sexual jokes
- Making pictures, icons, statues, etc. that are sexual in nature
- Communicating in writing through work documents, such as emails, memos, which include sexual details or imply undesired sexual advances
- Repeatedly misbehaving with someone. This may involve groping, rubbing, or touching the person. Even if this behavior is consented to, it might create an intimidating work environment for others around.
As opposed to quid pro quo harassment, this behavior is typically recurrent and creates a pattern that results in an unfriendly working setup.
Consulting a Good Attorney
In case you have gone through any kind of harassment in your workplace, you must get in touch with a good attorney. The earlier you contact him, the better will be your chances to successfully bring a harassment claim.
Also, if you have lodged a formal complaint with your employer and the harassment has not yet stopped, consulting a lawyer who handles these kinds of matters is the next best option. He will help you file a claim with the EEOC and build a suitable case.